Carl is a geologist who graduated more than 24 years ago at London University. He began his career with Philips Petroleum as an exploration geologist. He later moved to China to work with a Acer Consultants on a wide range of geotechnical and resource projects. He started his career in mining in 2001 as an analyst in Mining Journal Research Services. He has since worked for a number of research firms culminating in his appointment to Wood Mackenzie in early 2012. Carl covers Bauxite, Alumina and Aluminium Cost Services as well as the Aluminium Strategic Service.